Apart from the Hausa ethnicity, which majority in southern Nigeria ascribe to every state in northern Nigeria, not much is known of the ethnic composition of Jigawa State. Well, just like neighboring Kano State which it was carved out from in 1991, Jigawa is indeed dominated by the Hausa ethnic group, with a significant population of the Fulani ethnic group.
However, Jigawa is also home to the Kurama, the Ngizmawa, the Warjawa, the Mangawa, and the Badawa. What follows below are brief profiles of the not-so different tribes in Jigawa State.
Like I mentioned earlier, the Hausa are the largest tribe in Jigawa State, and they are everywhere in the state. The Hausa language is the most used language for business and informal interactions.
The Hausa culture and traditions have overshadowed the culture and traditions of other ethnicities to a very large extent.
The Hausa of Jigawa State are predominantly Muslims.
The Fulani are the second largest tribe in Jigawa State, and like the Hausa, they are everywhere in the state. They are mainly nomadic herders and traders.
99 percent of the Fulani in Jigawa State are adherents of the Islamic religion.
The Kurama, or Akurmi, or Bagwama are found in Saminaka and Lere local government areas of Kaduna State, in Tudun Wada local government area of Kano State, and in Jigawa State. They settled in this region more than 600 years ago.
The Kurama are amiable and friendly people who are primarily subsistence farmers. Some Kurama also work as tailors, carpenters and traders.
There are over 67,000 Kurama, the majority of whom are adherents of the Christian religion.
The Warji, also known as the Warjawa are found in Ningi local government area of Bauchi State, and Birnin Kudu local government area of Jigawa State.
There are over 120,000 Warjawa, majority of whom follow traditional religious practices. Every Warji ward has a pile logs that serves as a shrine to represent the family dodo. Periodically, members perform rites at the shrine by poring beer and blood.
Beside their own Warji language, the Warji speak the Hausa language.
Farming is the basis of Warji livelihood. Farmers grow guinea corn, rice millet, sweet potatoes and vegetables
Warji villages are separated into wards which include the extended families, with each ward having as its leader the eldest male of the family.
The Mangawa, or Manga are a sub-tribe of the Kanuri. They are found in Guri, Kiri Kasama and Birniwa local government areas of Jigawa State.
The Mangawa are the third largest tribe in Jigawa State, after the Hausa and the Fulani.
The Badawa, or the Bada or Gar are inhabited in Guri, Birniwa and Kiri Kasama LGAs of Jigawa State, they can also be found in Kanam local government area of Plateau State, Bauchi LGA in Bauchi State, and Alkaleri local government located in Gombe State.
The Badawa speak a language known as Mbat, which is considered to be a dialect of the Kanuri language.
There are over 50,000 Badawa, with half of them being adherents of the Christian religion.
The Ngizim, or the Ngizmawa are another sub-group of the Kanuri ethnic group found in Yobe State, and in Birniwa, Guri and Kiri Kasama local government areas of Jigawa State.
The Ngizim speak the Ngizim language. They are the founders of Potiskum.
The Ngizim are mainly farmers. They are very people with good heart, they are humble and also welcome other who want to settle among them. They are huge and dark. Some Ngizim wear tribal marks on their faces and stomachs.
Most Ngizim are Muslims but a significant number (around 7 percent) are Christians.
There are over 150,000 Ngizim in Yobe and Jigawa States.